Report: Importance of comparison groups in TBI research

The association between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and risk for Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD) has been investigated in multiple studies yet reported effect sizes have varied widely. Large differences in comorbid and demographic characteristics between individuals with and without TBI could result in spurious associations between TBI and poor outcomes, even when control for confounding is attempted. Yet, inadvertent control for post-TBI exposures (e.g., psychological and physical trauma) could result in an underestimate of the effect of TBI. Choice of the unexposed or comparison group is critical to estimating total associated risk.

Access the report here.